What’s a Fugue?

    PART 1 - Terminology

    Form – a pre-set methods and structures to organise ideas

    Harmony - the combination of simultaneously sounded musical notes to produce a pleasing effect

    Theme – a main musical idea that is used again and again within a work

    Vocal registers – the different voice ranges

    Inversion – playing a subject backwards in an episode

    Pitch - the quality of a sound governed by the rate of vibrations producing it; the degree of highness or lowness of a tone.

    PART 2 – Pre-Video Questions (To discuss in pairs. You do not need to write answers for this part)

    1 – Do you ever listen to classical music? What type?
    2 – Can you name some classical composers?
    3- Do you know anything about the Baroque Period? When it was? Do you know any composers from this period? What types of instruments are used in this music?
    4 – What do you think about organ
or harpsichord music?

    PART 3 – Watch the video

  Video 1

    PART 4 – Post-Video Questions. Read the questions below. Watch the video again, and then answer the questions.

    What´s a fugue? Complete the questions:

    1- The fugue is a type of musical form that gained popularity in...

    2- In music, organizing ideas is / is not important.

    3-Who was the master of the Fugue during the Baroque period? Where was he born?

    4- The fugue uses a counterpoint. How would you define it?

    a)It´s the relationship between voices that are harmonically interdependent (polyphony) yet independent in rhythm and contour.

    b)It´s the simplest of musical textures, consisting of a melody (or "tune"), typically sung by a single singer or played by a single instrument player.

     c)It’s a texture in which a primary part is supported by one or more additional strands that flesh out the harmony and often provide rhythmic contrast.


    5-What is the special name given to the musical idea or theme that is played again and again, over and over during the fugue in the main key (“tonalidad”)?

    6- Name the different voices you can listen to? (From the lowest to the highest)

    7- In a fugue you can listen to a musical idea in different keys. What´s the name of the first part in which all the voices of a fugue present the subject and the answers?

    8-  Can you define the term “episodes”?

  1. They are a passage as an introduction

  2. They are passages in the development that use the subject or other ideas in new and interesting ways.

  3. They are passages in the final part of a fugue, as a coda.

       9-  Can you explain
the way to get the musical climax in a fugue?


      10-What´s the name of a musical “building” with different notes (different notes sounding at the same time) ? It´s the basic "building" of harmony. 

      11- Look for an interesting video about music in English.

Document corrected by Antonio Carrasco and Douglas Fedele with suggested questions about students belonging to 2º A-B ( 2017-2018)

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