What’s a Fugue?
PART 1 - Terminology
Form – a pre-set methods and structures to organise ideas
Harmony - the combination of simultaneously sounded musical notes to produce a pleasing effect
Theme – a main musical idea that is used again and again within a work
Vocal registers – the different voice ranges
Inversion – playing a subject backwards in an episode
Pitch - the quality of a sound governed by the rate of vibrations producing it; the degree of highness or lowness of a tone.
PART 2 – Pre-Video Questions (To discuss in pairs. You do not need to write answers for this part)
– Do you ever listen to classical music? What type?
2 – Can you name some classical composers?
3- Do you know anything about the Baroque Period? When it was? Do you know any composers from this period? What types of instruments are used in this music?
4 – What do you think about organ or harpsichord music?
PART 3 – Watch the video
PART 4 – Post-Video Questions. Read the questions below. Watch the video again, and then answer the questions.
What´s a fugue? Complete the questions:
1- The fugue is a type of musical form that gained popularity in...
2- In music, organizing ideas is / is not important.
3-Who was the master of the Fugue during the Baroque period? Where was he born?
4- The fugue uses a counterpoint. How would you define it?
a)It´s the relationship between voices that are harmonically interdependent (polyphony) yet independent in rhythm and contour.
b)It´s the simplest of musical textures, consisting of a melody (or "tune"), typically sung by a single singer or played by a single instrument player.
c)It’s a texture in which a primary part is supported by one or more additional strands that flesh out the harmony and often provide rhythmic contrast.
5-What is the special name given to the musical idea or theme that is played again and again, over and over during the fugue in the main key (“tonalidad”)?
6- Name the different voices you can listen to? (From the lowest to the highest)
7- In a fugue you can listen to a musical idea in different keys. What´s the name of the first part in which all the voices of a fugue present the subject and the answers?
8- Can you define the term “episodes”?
They are a passage as an introduction
They are passages in the development that use the subject or other ideas in new and interesting ways.
They are passages in the final part of a fugue, as a coda.
9- Can you explain the way to get the musical climax in a fugue?
10-What´s the name of a musical “building” with different notes (different notes sounding at the same time) ? It´s the basic "building" of harmony.
11- Look for an interesting video about music in English.
Document corrected by Antonio Carrasco and Douglas Fedele with suggested questions about students belonging to 2º A-B ( 2017-2018)
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